Australian black jade is defined by deep blacks that glow a deep olive green when cut thin.
There are two main areas where black jade is found – one in South Australia, the other in New South Wales – and all of these occurences are or have been, prospected or mined. Without a jade culture and witih fierce competition from other more colourful gemstone, most Australians are generally unaware of their jade.
The small South Australian town of Cowell, on the Eyre Peninsula, is the site of the largest known deposit of black jade in the world today. It was discovered in 1965 by Harry Schiller, on his large farm. The quality of Cowell jade is from a superb fine-grained black grading to olive shades, and both can have beautiful markings caused by weathing. The black is among the finest in the world and is sought after by serious carvers.